Predicting antipsychotic-induced weight gain in first episode psychosis-a protocol for a field-wide systematic review of prognostic factor studies

Ita Fitzgerald, Erin K. Crowley, Amy Byrne, Jean O’Connell, Joie Ensor, Ciara Ní Dhubhlaing, Sarah O'Dwyer, Laura J. Sahm

Abstract

Background: One significant complexity associated with management of antipsychotic-induced weight gain (AIWG) is extensive interindividual variability amongst patients in initial susceptibility to AIWG, time to plateau of weight gain, and resultant final amount of weight gained. Prior to antipsychotic commencement, risk-stratified information highlighting those at increased risk of experiencing significant AIWG would allow tailored weight monitoring and subsequent management protocols to be developed.

Methods: This protocol is for a planned systematic review to identify the current utility of baseline clinical, sociodemographic, and biological prognostic factors in predicting the likelihood of significant AIWG occurring prior to antipsychotic commencement. The cohort assessed will be antipsychotic-naïve adults with a first episode of psychosis. Searches for both randomised and prospective non-randomised studies will be undertaken by searching four electronic databases and two trial registers, followed by reference searching, forward citation searching and liaison with content experts. A meta-analysis of study results will be undertaken where study quality and homogeneity allow. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) framework modified for prognostic research will be used to assess evidence certainty. This protocol was prepared in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) Protocols guideline and latest guidance from the Prognosis Methods Group of the Cochrane Collaboration.

Results: This review will establish the current quantity, quality and clinical utility of evidence addressing the prognostic association of clinical, biological, and sociodemographic factors in prospectively identifying those more likely to experience significant AIWG.

Registration details: PROSPERO registration number CRD42021258148.

Keywords

Antipsychotic-induced weight gain, Metabolic side effects, Antipsychotics, Risk factors, Prediction, Psychosis

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