Randomised controlled trial of the effects of a self-management patient education program on overall quality of life and knee pain of older people with mild to moderate knee(s) osteoarthritis
Background: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is the most important chronic rheumatic disease affecting human beings. It is more common among the older population. The objective of OA treatment is to control the symptoms, such as pain, mobility problems and consequently, to improve overall quality of life. Although, self-management patient education programs, such as educational workshops and other learning activities are effective approaches in some chronic diseases, the evidence for arthritis is still inconclusive. The aim of this trial is to compare the effectiveness of an OA of the knee self-management education program with a control group, as determined by improvements in pain and quality of life.
Methods: In this study, we will perform a two-group, randomized (1:1 ratio), controlled study with repeated-measures to examine the differences between the two groups over time. The research sample will be selected from the patients who are referred to a physiotherapy department with a diagnosed mild to moderate knee(s) OA, aging from 45 to 65 years.
Conclusions: Positive findings of this trial will pave the road for new methods of cooperation between patients and healthcare providers. Also, patient education ensures that patients are well-informed about their own health and they could avoid any deterioration and disability due to bad practices. Finally, an increased understanding helps patients to make informed decisions about their healthcare avenues.
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